Maryland Corrections Officer Job Description

As of 2011, per the National Institute of Corrections, the Maryland Department of Corrections operated 24 prisons and pre-release centers. The inmate total statewide at this time was 20,891. The state’s incarceration rate was about four percent lower than the national average. In addition, Maryland has one federal penitentiary, which houses 1179 male medium- security inmates.  In Maryland, correctional officer jobs may be found within either type of institution.

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What it Takes to Become a Correctional Officer in Maryland

Education

  • Federal
    • GS 5 level- Must have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university (or meet experience requirements below)
    • GS6 level- Must have completed nine graduate semester hours in criminology, criminal justice, social science, law, or a related field (or meet  experience requirements below)
  • State
    • Must have a high school diploma or GED

Experience

  • Federal
    • GS 5 level – May substitute for education three years of full-time general experience in one of the following areas:
      • Sales
      • Teaching or instructing others
      •  Supervising or managing others
      • Counseling others
      • Responding to emergencies
      • Guiding, directing and assisting others
    • GS6 level – May substitute for education one year of specialized full-time experience in:
      • Apprehension/arresting of those breaking the law
      • Responding to domestic disturbances
      • Making sure inmates in a correctional or mental health facility follow rules and regulations
  • State
    • No experience is required

Other Requirements

  • Federal
    • Must be under 37 years old
    • Must be a U.S. citizen
  • State
    • Must have, or able to obtain, a Class B driver’s license
    • Must be at least 21 years old
    • Must be a U.S. citizen or Resident Alien

The Hiring Process to Become a Correctional Officer in Maryland

  • Federal
    • Available jobs will be posted at USAjobs.gov, with a link to apply online
    • Applicants must pass a thorough background check and an interview with an employment panel
    • Applicants must pass a physical examination and drug test prior to employment
  • State
    • Available jobs are posted at State of Maryland Job Openings, with a link to apply online
    • Applicants must pass a complete background investigation and oral interview
    • Applicants must pass a physical examination and drug test prior to being placed on a register of a list of eligibles, and will be classified as Best Qualified, Better Qualified or Qualified
    • This list will be used by the Maryland Department of Corrections for up to two years to fill correctional officer vacancies

Training for Correctional Officers in Maryland

Federal

All new Federal Correctional Officers in Maryland must complete an in-service. This includes orientation to the facility at which they will be working, policies and procedures, and supervision of and communication with inmates. An Introduction to Correction Techniques I class will be completed at the Federal Correctional Institution in Cumberland, Maryland.

Within the first 60 days on the job, all new Federal Correctional Officers in Maryland must complete training at the Federal Law Enforcement Center in Glynco, GA, consisting of:

  • Self-defense
  • Firearms
  • Written test on policies and procedures
  • Physical abilities test, including an obstacle course, dummy drag, stair climb, run and cuff, and climb and grasp exercises

State

New correctional officers in Maryland must complete 175 hours of entry-level training prescribed by the Maryland Correctional Training Commission. Depending upon the job location, training will take place in the Central Region (Sykesville) or the Hagerstown Region (Hagerstown). Training will include the usage of firearms.

After one year on the job, Maryland corrections officers must complete 40 hours of training each year.

Maryland Corrections Officer Job Locations

Federal

  • Federal Correctional Institution, Cumberland

State

  • Baltimore City Correctional Center, Baltimore
  • Baltimore Pre-Release Unit, Baltimore
  • Brockbridge Correctional Facility, Jessup
  • Chesapeake Detention Facility, Baltimore
  • Central Home Detention Unit, Baltimore
  • Central Maryland Correctional Facility, Sykesville
  • Correctional Mental Health Center, Jessup
  • Eastern Correctional Institution, Westover
  • Eastern Pre-Release Unit, Church Hill
  • Jessup Correctional Institution, Jessup
  • Jessup Pre-Release Unit, Jessup
  • Maryland Correctional Institution, Hagerstown
  • Maryland Correctional Institution, Jessup
  • Maryland Correctional Institution for Women, Jessup
  • Maryland Correctional Pre-Release System, Jessup
  • Metropolitan Transition Center, Baltimore
  • North Branch Correctional Institution, Cumberland
  • Patuxent Institution, Jessup
  • Poplar Hill Pre-Release Unit, Quantico
  • Roxbury Correctional Institution, Hagerstown
  • Southern Maryland Pre-Release Unit, Charlotte Hall
  • Threshold, Baltimore
  • Western Correctional Institution, Cumberland

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